When empathy and caring permeate the healthcare system, such psychological problems are not an issue (Cockrill & Weitz, 2010). Likewise, when society ceases stigmatizing women for having abortions, emotional and psychological distress will also not be a factor. Instead, women would be congratulated because they would have prevented the needless suffering of yet another unwanted human being.

The con position asserts that the fetus is a full human being with rights equal to that of the mother. Because of this belief, it is concluded that an abortion is murder. If abortion were killing a human being, then it would be understandable that the "murder" argument would hold true. However, a fetus is a fetus. It has the potential to become a human being, but so does the egg inside the mother's body and the sperm inside the man's. Finally, the con position points to the Hippocratic Oath ("Should Abortion Be Legal?" 2014). All doctors have to say the Hippocratic Oath, which does in fact expressly forbid abortions.

The most vocal cons of abortion come from religious sects, the individuals who belong to them, and other irrational groups. For example, one politician in Australia claims that rapists and pedophiles are in favor of abortion because it destroys evidence of their crime, and therefore abortion should be illegal (Gordon & Cook, 2014). Many con positions on abortion promote the belief that the woman is to blame for the pregnancy regardless of whether she was raped or whether the condom broke. The view is that abortion is categorically wrong, no matter what the circumstances or consequences. The con position assumes that abortion is categorically wrong because of perceived moral or religious beliefs.


Based on an analysis of pros and cons, it seems there are far more pros, and far more reasonable arguments for abortion. Abortion is a fact of life, albeit an unfortunate one. However, women will have abortions whether they are legal or not. Abortions therefore need to be safe and legal. Furthermore, abortions do not reflect immorality; the greater immorality is the subjugation of women through enforced pregnancy and the proliferation of overpopulation.

Abortion is a necessary procedure for terminating an unwanted pregnancy. Without abortion, women would be forced to carry a child to term, which is an untenable situation in any civilized country. An abortion is the right to choose whether or not to carry a child to term, and the fetus has no rights because it is simply a cluster of cells. The arguments against abortion have no logical sense, and they stem from religious superstitions that have no place in law.

However, it is helpful to evaluate the pros and cons of abortion to understand how the debate is formulated from both sides. The abortion debate seems outmoded and anachronistic, but it wages on, even in civilized nations. If anything, abortion needs to become more widely available and accessible for women. Women living in rural communities need improved access to abortion, and all women should be able to afford an abortion. It is the poor women who need abortion the most, as they are financially incapable of caring for the child.


Ahman, E. & Shah, I. (2007). Unsafe abortion. WHO Document number 323036. Retrieved:

Balkin, J.M. (2007). Abortion and original meaning. Constitutional Commentary 24(291).

Cockrill, K. & Weitz, T.A. (2010). Abortion patients' perceptions of abortion regulation. Women's Health Issues 20(1): 12-19.

Donohue, J. & Levitt, S.D. (2001). The impact of legal abortion on crime. Quarterly Journal of Economics CVXI (2).

Gordon, J. & Cook, H. (2014). State MP Bernie Finn says there is no acceptable reason for abortion. The Age. 18 March, 2014. Retrieved online:

"Should Abortion Be Legal?" (2014). Retrieved online:…