In the case of the Chinese-Americans, the laws and political system took away rights and privileges at the time when the highest numbers of Chinese were entering and contributing to the country. As a result, at the time of the exclusion the Chinese identified themselves with China, and not with America and the Chinese family stayed distinctively Chinese in it's culture.

Culturally, unlike the Anglo-Europeans who immigrated to the U.S. And created the distinct American culture, the Chinese have remained distinctively Chinese. The foreign born Chinese have learned their cultural heritage from their families, and with each successive generation, the family has striven to remain Chinese, rather than become more American. Over time, the affective nature of the Chinese culture diminishes, however the Chinese people still remain to a greater extent distinctively Chinese. This cultural affectation is present in the language, food, and cultural values and philosophy maintained by the Chinese people in the new host society.

When the economic opportunities are shared by all people in a community, the community will become homogeneous as all members work together toward common goals. However, in the event of the Chinese citizens and families who came to America and to many countries around the world, their experience was that the economic prosperity was reserved for a few, and that they were not in the small clique. Therefore they remained isolated, working with those in the same economic conditions and with those whom they could trust, their cultural brothers and sisters, in order to build toward a Chinese economic future.

Regarding the ethnic identity of the Chinese community, uniqueness of the Chinese community was long to be accepted by the surrounding peoples. (Djao, 2003) Ethnicity is referred to as shared cultural heritage. The fact that the members of any ethnic category are aware of having a common ancestry, culture, language, or religion confers to them a distinctive social identity. According to Dun's study of Chinese history, the collective feeling of belonging to each other is the ethnic dimension of Chinese who reside overseas. This facet of Chinese culture identifies them most explicitly from other peoples. He say's: "The Chinese have pretty much done everything under the sun. This ancient peopled have accomplished astounding feats, and have endured all manners of hardships. They have been thorough everything, from tremendous cultural flowering, technological breakthroughs, and prosperity, to humiliation at the hand of conquerors, betrayals by their won people and abject poverty. Yet they have endured and bounced back. The endurance and resilience of the Chinese are probably the most edifying aspect of the Chinese heritage. (Djao, 2003)

Regarding the American stereotype of Chinese people today, the majority of Americans do not understand the importance which ongoing culture plays in the Chinese family's life. The traditional Anglo -- American, whose ancestors came to America and left much of their European heritage behind, do not understand the differences between their understanding of America, and the Chinese experience of the country.


Dunn, R. "In America Lies My Future," Chinese Digest, 15 May 1936, 3; Kaye Hong, "Go West to China," 22 May 1936, 3.

Djao, W. Being Chinese:…