Both sides observe that the whole concept of evolution would, in the absence of a naturalistic bias, lose its credibility (Landgraf, 2011).

Opposition to Macroevolution: both accounts reject the theory of common ancestry, denying that all kinds of life resulted from totally different natural processes, and were not aided by any supernatural actions (Landgraf, 2011; Taylor, 2008). To this end, both accounts blatantly reject the idea that all forms of life are connected to a common ancestry like a tree is connected to a common root and trunk; and collectively affirm that living things have different ancestries and display high degree of diversity like a forest with thousands of tree species (Landgraf, 2011). Both accounts, however, support the concept of microevolution, and use it to explain the minor changes between the different forms of life (Landgraf, 2011; Taylor, 2008).

The Historicity of the Genesis Account: both old earth and young earth creationists are evangelical, and believe that the human race descended from Adam and Eve (Taylor, 2008).

However, the two accounts differ on two major issues; the age of the earth, and the time of Adam an Eve's creation (Landgraf, 2011).

Time of Adam and Eve's Creation: the young earth account holds that Adam and Eve were created no later than 10,000 years ago; the old earth account, on the other hand, places its creation somewhere between 30,000 and 70,000 years ago (Landgraf, 2011).

The Age of the Earth: the old earth view aligns with mainstream science; in this regard placing the creation event at approximately 13.7 billion years ago (Landgraf, 2011). The young earth account holds that the creation of the universe took place between 6,000 and 10,000 years ago. These timing differences between the two accounts can largely be attributed to the different meanings they attach to the term 'yom', which can literally be taken to mean 'day'. Old earth creationists support their view on two major grounds; i) in 2 Peter 3:8 and Psalm 90:4, 'yom' is used to refer to a long period of time; Peter actually expresses that the term stands for 1000 years; ii) On the sixth day, God tells Adam to assign names to all other creatures; this, at face value, cannot be accomplished in a mere 24 hours (Landgraf, 2011). The new earth creationists support their perspective, most significantly, on grounds that Jesus appears to support a young earth view when He says that God created man at the beginning of creation in Mark 10:6 (Dean, 2003). The old earth account puts Adam's creation at approximately 2 billion years after the universe came into existence, while the young earth account puts it at six days (Dean, 2003).


The origin of man, the universe, and man's place in the universe have been subjects of debate since time immemorial. The subject has become intriguing as much as it is complex, and is today approached from two perspectives; the old earth perspective and the young earth perspective. Both accounts support the idea that the universe was created out of nothing; but they differ significantly with regard to the age of the universe, and the time of Adam's creation.


Dean, D. (2003). Is the Truth Out There: A Journey through Critical Thinking that Spans Man's History, Origin, and Place in the Universe. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse.

Landgraf, K. (2011). No Bones about It: The Truth about Fossils and Other Science Myths. Mustang, Oklahoma: Tate Publishing

LaRocco, C. & Rothstein, B. (n.d.).…