aEUR?In 1904 the Entente Cordiale was established between Britain and France. Britain recognised that Morocco was a sphere of French influence and agreed that France had the right to intervene in Morocco should the Sultan of Morocco collapse.

aEUR?Germany was unhappy with the extent of French influence in Morocco and decided to challenge the Entente Cordiale, hoping to break up the alliance between France and Britain.

aEUR?In 1905 the Kaiser visited Morocco and declared support for Moroccan independence and demanded that an international conference be held to settle the question of Morocco's status.

How the crisis was resolved:.

aEUR?The conference on Morocco was held in January, 1906. Britain, Russia, Spain, Italy and the US all upheld France's dominance over Morocco.

The effect of the crisis on relations between the European powers:.

aEUR?Far from undermining the Entente Cordiale, the crisis had the effect of strengthening the BritishFrench alliance and hardening their attitudes towards Germany.

The Moroccan Crisis of 1911.

How the crisis evolved:.

aEUR?In 1911 order broke down in the Moroccan capital of Fez and the French sent troops to protect foreigners in the city, overstepping the 1905 agreement.

aEUR?Germany reacted by sending a gunboat, The Panther, to Morocco and triggered a second Moroccan crisis.

aEUR?Germany also now laid claim to the French Congo as compensation for French action in Morocco.

How the crisis was resolved:.

aEUR?The British made it clear that they would resist Germany and readied the British fleet for action.

aEUR?War was avoided and the French gave a small territory in the Congo to Germany.

aEUR?The French retained control in Morocco.

Effect of the crisis on relations between the European powers:.

aEUR?The Anglo-French alliance was again strengthened.

aEUR?Tension increased between the great powers as a result of the resistance of the British.