Forming - the group first comes together and gets to know one another. Storming - vying for leadership and trial of the processes that will be used. Norming - reaching agreement on how the group is actually going to operate. Performing - the group becomes affective through the practice of its craft. Adjourning - this is the way that the group learns to 'unform' and move on from being in the group structure to doing things independently.

A task group is one that has been created specifically for some type of task or event. For example, a group that is formed to create suggestions and ideas and drafts for a new company policy on a specific issue would be a task group. Self-help groups are people who all have similar problems, and they meet to talk about those problems and to help and encourage one another. Alcoholics Anonymous and similar organizations have self-help groups. Psych educational groups meet to work with psychological problems and issues. They are usually therapy based and not self-help, and they learn about the problems that they are facing and how they can improve their lives. Group therapy would be one example of this type of group.

3. For groups that are ongoing because their task is not complete or because they are in a position that is more maintenance than anything, facilitators need to attend to specific things at each group meeting. What was conducted at the last meeting - a brief recap - is important to remind everyone where they are. If any 'homework' was given to the group it has to be addressed, and if there is new business (like someone changing a focus or a rule, etc.) that will affect how the group does its job and what direction it takes, that must also be handled.

4. When someone has a closed therapy group that is limited by time, there is no reason to waste any of that. Recapping what everyone had to say last time cuts into the time that could be used for something productive this time, so it should only be done on a person-by-person basis and only when necessary. It must be kept as brief as possible, as well. The group facilitator, however, should pay close attention to anything that is very new, because someone might have had an important event or breakthrough (either good or bad) since the last time that the group was better. This may have bearing on the individual, and also on the rest of the group.

5. When it comes to social work, there are three important issues that make group work there different from other types of group work. These are: rehabilitation, prevention of dysfunction, and provision of resources for enhanced social functioning. These are all vital elements of any type of social work group and they must be considered by those who get into the field and decide that their function is working with groups.

6. The eleven specific techniques that Brown offers all make sense in that social work cannot just be something that one goes at blindly. There have to be rules and guidelines, and social workers have to follow these if they are to make the most of…