SAMPLE EXCERPT:

Moreover, blacks and whites were made to attend different schools with whites having access to all the facilities that blacks could only wish for, blacks and whites were forbidden to marry, blacks were also not permitted to use "train cars, toilets and lunch counters," segregation coupled with inequality were made legal (Tricia). One of the most evident example of black white disparities is that of World War II wherein the army officials did everything to segregate all armed black men serving their country from their fellow white men rather than unify them as a single cohesive fighting force. The blacks felt more hurt, more cheated and mortified after the war. This intense agony brought by the black white disparity resulted in Civil Rights Movement. As Kim Munholland outs it: "The experience of war... began to take a bit of a hammer to segregation," he said. "It was a humiliating experience, but it was a transforming experience, too.... They experienced discrimination, but they served their country well - heroically even - despite the prejudice they faced" (Chuck: 04B).

Hence, the white supremacy prevailed in it's worst form decades ago when white men did not bother knowing what they were "walling in" and "walling out," as the poet in Mending Wall inquires from his neighbor thereby shedding light on the need to realize the significance of equality among races on the grounds of humanity alone, the need to ask oneself as "to whom I was like to give offence,..."before I built a wall." Similar to blacks when they tried to raise their voices against white supremacy and racial discrimination, whites turned their lives into nightmares, when the poet refused to help his neighbor built the wall again, the ignorant neighbor brought a stone grasped firmly by the top, In each hand, like an old-stone savage armed" and "moved in darkness" implying that it is the dark light of ignorance that has engulfed the minds of the American white men and deeply engrossed in their own world without weighing the pros and cons of what their ancestors did, falling in their footsteps, just like the neighbor in Frost's poem did, "He will not go behind his father's saying, And he likes having thought of it so well

He says again, "Good fences make good neighbors" are creating bigger gaps and the more the black dreams are procrastinated, the greater will be the explosion, that gave birth to Civil Rights Movement and that has been best explained by Langston Hughes in his poem Dreams Deferred in the following words: (Dreams Deferred)

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it stink like rotten meat?

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up?

Like a raisin in the sun?

Or fester like a sore

And then run?

Does it stink like rotten meat?

Or crust and sugar over

Like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags

Like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?

Hence, the above poem also reminds the world that there might be another explosion if world's power does not put an end to black oppression, traces and episodes of which can still be observed in every day situations. Apart from Hughes and Frost, there are other poets like Toomer in the poem "Blood Burning Moon" and Floyd in his poem "The Wall," who have raised their voices against black repression and white preeminence. Hence, blacks have yet to reap benefits from the so-called American democracy!

Works Cited

Robert Frost (1874-1963). Available at http://www.americanpoems.com/poets/robertfrost/(October 31, 2002)

Frost, "Poetry Of Robert Frost: Five Poems From North Of Boston," Monarch Notes, 01-01-1963

Frost, "Poetry Of Robert Frost: Essay Questions, Criticism," Monarch Notes, 01-01-1963.

America After Slavery: From Lynchings to White Riots." Available at http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Classroom/9912/lynchingera.html (October

Tricia, Chapter 1: Segregation and Discrimination Against Blacks in the South., The March on Washington: 1963, 10-01-1996.

Chuck H, "Even at war, black soldiers were separate and unequal," Minneapolis Star Tribune, 05-28-1995, pp 04B.

Dreams Deferred. Available at http://www.plagiarist.com/poetry/?wid=2439(October 31, 2002)