SAMPLE EXCERPT:

The division or gap between the beliefs, culture and hearts of the population has increased instead of decreasing. The population does not seem to have 'assimilated' with each other, they still have difficulty accepting each other and having patience enough to tolerate each h other. This could be due to the managemnent of the city, laws and rules passed in the county and lack of good education.

One example of the level of segregation prevalent in the society is the fact that even residential areas have been divided according to race and ethnicity. To analyze the level of segregation a Dissimilarity Index, denoted by 'D' is used. The index after analyzing gives an estimate of how many people from one group would have to shift to the other part, in order to make the society completely integrated. A Dissimilarity Index used on the Houston population for time period of 20 years reveals a moderate decrease in the level of segregation for the White population. Numerically the segregation between the White and Black population has decreased from 0.70 to 0.64. This seems to indicate that if 64 families change their place of residence, move to the white area, the two populations would be completely integrated. However, the division between the white and Hispanic population has increased instead of decreasing. The research points out that this elevation in discrimination could be due to the steep rise in the number of Latinos living in Houston (Emerson, M.O, Brattier, J. et al., 2010). Or it could simply be that the White population has found its comfort zone with the Blacks but is unable to accept and live with the Hispanics.

However the report points out that the White or Anglo population is not willing to purchase houses in a dominantly Latino, African or Asian area. They are however a bit more tolerant of an individual from another race coming to live in their neighborhood. The most significant change is in the degree of segregation between two minorities, namely: Black population and Latinos.

The report claims that segregation is ingrained in the very fabric of the Houston society; therefore to remove or eradicate it is a very difficult task. One reason for such vastly divided society could be due to the misbalanced division of money and wealth. The minority areas are extremely poor and in shabby condition. However, a healthy factor in the midst of all this animosity is the emergence of suburbs, which include more modern, well built and well equipped housing (Emerson, M.O, Bratter, J. et al., 2010). These societies, unlike the older neighbouur hoods, don't have any particular racial identity and people of any culture, class, race and liv there. If this trend continues Houston will soon have mixed neighbor hood and then may be discrimination and segregation will die out.

The report claims that the Latinos are not very badly segregated from the rest of the society. In areas where it is a minority, Latino groups live among all other races. The segregation becomes more definite in the Latino majority areas, because then they like to live in their own communities. This is evident in the figure 15, shown below (Emerson, M.O, Bratter, J. et al., 2010).

One of the things that makes the White population think that Latinos belong to inferior cultural group is due to the fact that Cuba and Puerto Rico, the strongest counties have given the U.S. A very hard time, they have time and again thwarted USA's plan of expanding the country south. This has created animosity and a rift among the races (Hero, R.E, 1992).

Houston and Los Angeles are two of the most culturally diverse cities of the U.S.A. In the early 20th century when modern elected governments were present all around the world, these two, despite being large modern cities relied on a small and backward political system. A system which can be called corrupt as in Los Angeles the Mayor was still being selected by a committee. The two are also similar in the context that in recent years their dominant white population has diminished to make way for a more colored faces. As mentioned above one of the chief problems of these minority areas and communities is their poverty. The life of Hispanics, in Houston is such that majority of them are unregistered immigrants and they live in garages of small houses. The income of most of these families is between $15,000 to 25000, which by American standards is not enough. According to an estimate around 60% of all Hispanics have income less than 25000 and sadly this section of the society is increasing in number.

But it's not all bleak; Houston does have a Hispanic on their Board of Commissioners. In simpler terms the Hispanic population can boast of having a representative Commissioner in Sylvia Garcia. But she is the only one in an area that is rapidly becoming a Hispanic majority area. As compared to Houston, the Latinos of Los Angeles have had better success in entering public service. The labor unions of Los Angeles have worked very hard to get their representatives elected ion the government and have been met with considerable success. They have also brought about a positive change in the overall living conditions of the Latinos of the city. Houston however, lacks in the organized effort made by the unions of Los Angeles. There is no labor union, no unity and no effort on the part of these people to propel them into the city politics. Despite being the largest Latino community, Houston does not have any member in Congress while Los Angeles has seven Hispanics. In both cities the Hispanics have run for the office of Mayor but in both cases they lost by a small margin, such as: 48.5 to 51.5. Another disparity is that the Latinos of Los Angeles have the backing of the White population as well. Houston lacks in this area. The weakness is that Houston's Hispanics lack organization and a sense of community.

Conclusion

The Hispanics of Houston have leaded a difficult life, in a society where wealth, money, race and culture are the driving forces of the society. The government of Houston is largely White in color due to the poverty of the ethnic group and their lack of unity and sense of purpose.

References:

Acuna, R.F. (2003). U.S. Latino Issues. Retrieved 25 July, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=113036521

Chomsky, A. (2007). "They Take Our Jobs!"and 20 Other Myths about immigration. Retrieved 25 July, 2012, fromhttp://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=116694607

CRM (2011) Hispanics in the Civil War. (Vol: 20, I: 11). Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://crm.cr.nps.gov/archive/20-11/20-11-31.pdf

Emerson, M.O, Bratter, J, et al., (2010). Houston Grows More Racially / Ethnically Diverse, With Small Declines in Segregation. Retrieved July, 25, 2012, from http://kinder.rice.edu/uploadedFiles/Urban_Research_Center/Media/Houston%20Region%20Grows%20More%20Ethnically%20Diverse%202-13.pdf

Hero, R.E. (1992). Latinos and Us Political System. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=49065610