In "Photographic Essay: Four case studies" W. Mitchell explains how photography and language collaborate and overcome their own way of presenting to create a message through photographic essay.

Photography and language play major roles on each other and the author disagrees with some of the claims that are made and about how they affect each other.

Burgin feels that some one's interpretation of a picture is like an unclear word and their view can easily be cleared up because there must have been a specific motive or meaning behind the picture when it was taken.

Burgin's belief's caused many questions that are up for grabs because they might not be as accurate as we think.

Denotation and connotation changes the way a person looks at a photograph. Connotation and denotation does not change the problem. It helps for the viewers to look more carefully.

Mitchell explains the denotation and connotation of photography. He argues that there is a major difference between a dictionary "interpretation" and an implied one. It is very difficult to decode a message through photography, but Mitchell try's to explain the conflict between the two.

Mitchell's understanding about photography and language is different from others, and he believes that photography should be accompanied in text in newspapers and magazines to help viewers understand what they are going to be looking at.

Mitchell talks about four photo-essays in different ways and describes how they send out a specific "dialect of exchange and resistance" which then either makes the viewer want to look at the photo or not look at it.

The text and photo are basically interdependent on each other and you cannot just put any essay with any photo because then there will be a sense of confusion, so the text and photo have to match.

Photos and photo essays consist of the photo having words and features, like captions along with it.