Through the continued reasoning that segregation requires an inherent one over the other mentality and additionally the real financial barriers to black schools would exist indefinitely and continue to provide substandard school facilities if black schools were funded by property taxes paid in black neighborhoods, which is the general way in which schools are funded.

The Brown decision accurately reflected the operating reality of race in America because the simple act of separating the races requires one to assume superiority while the other inferiority and through both subtle and also not so subtle methods the lower cast will be treated as such. The resulting actions are often reflected in substandard personal treatment as well as substandard opportunities and institutions. Separation also continues the accentuation of real and/or false differences continuing a development of fear and ignorance of the unknown. Through just these two points can be seen a case for a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection and even the Plessy case establishment of separate but equal.

Works Cited

Allport, Gordon. "The Nature of Prejudice." Race, Racism and American Law. Ed.

Derek Bell. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1973. 84-87.

Gordon Allport is a leading social scientist discussing the foundations of race and prejudice as it effect the United States. His work, "The Nature of Prejudice," is recognized as one of the most influential analysis of the reasons for the perpetuation of racial prejudice.

Bell, Derek ed. Race, Racism and American Law. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1973.

Derek Bell is one of the most influential and controversial writers on the issue of race in America. His exhaustive research in Race Racism and the American law provides a fundamental social and legal timeline for the changes that have taken place in the United States with regards to the law and how it effects public opinion and action.

Brown v. Board of Education, Issue: Racial Segregation in Public Schools" at retrieved 11 5, 2003 at

This website provides a crucial look at several fundamental court cases that effect racial and social change during the civil rights movement. Brown v. Board of education Topeka, Kansas is thought of as the most influential Supreme Court ruling of the movement and its details and effects are concisely summarized here.

Finkelman, Paul "Segregation in the United States," at Encarte Africana retrieved 11 5, 2003 at

Encarte Africa is a web-based information network for everything African-American. This particular article expresses the foundation of segregation in both de facto and de jure manners and explains the lasting effects of the history of the times they exist.

McNeil, Genna R. Groundwork. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Genna McNeil in Groundwork defines the slow process of the destruction of segregation in the United States and shows the connective effects that the historical perspective can have upon the future. The work pays special attention to the legal actions and the history of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) a clearly fundamental group for change.

Nash, Gregory, Robert Weiss Eds. "Borden, Found Cumbering the Soil: Manifest Destiny and the Indian in the Nineteenth Century." Race Racism and American Law. Ed. Derek

Bell. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1973. 59-66.

Nash and Weiss explain the older historical destruction of the Native American lands analogously with other racial segregation in the United States issues both older and newer and establishes how fundamental beliefs of superiority effect whole social actions.

South, The." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.

This encyclopedia entry explains both the defining borders of the U.S. region known as the South and also briefly explains…