Define and provide an example of a "culture bump." culture bump is an event that occurs when a person has expectations of a particular behavior, but gets something different when interacting with individuals from another culture. Expectations refer to the expectations of "normal" behavior as learned in one's own culture. A culture bump can be a pleasant, neutral, or unpleasant experience. People can experience culture bumps anytime and most people experience many different culture bumps when they live or travel in another country.

While living in another culture, one finds many things that are the same as in one's own country. In these instances, the two cultures fit together. However, there are other things that are different. The points at which the two cultures differ are usually the areas that interfere in the development of successful cross-cultural relationships. On a positive note, if the specific points of difference are analyzed, they can lead to a deeper understanding. but, if they are not analyzed appropriately, they can cause stereotyping of people in the other culture.

The following is an example of a culture bump. In a North American university if a student is late for class, the polite thing to do is to enter the classroom quietly and sit down. it's considered best not to interrupt the class. In China, on the other hand, if a Chinese student was late, the student would knock on the classroom door, give an excuse and then wait for the teacher's permission to enter the room. An American university professor would be surprised by a foreign student knocking on the classroom door. This would be a culture bump for the American professor. Likewise, a Chinese professor would be shocked by a student simply entering the room and quietly taking a seat without permission and would therefore have his or her own culture bump.

2.What are the difficulties inherent in attempting to define the concepts of race, culture, and ethnicity?

Race is a concept used to categorize people into different groups based on physical and biological characteristics. However, very few human beings belong to pure racial groups. A phenotype characterizing one group of people can be found amongst other groups of people. and, behavioral characteristics ascribed to race are more likely to be culturally determined rather than biologically or genetically determined. In addition, it is extremely difficult to predict that an individual will behave in a particular manner purely on the basis that they may be defined as fitting the characteristics of a particular racial group, thus the benefit of the term culture.

Culture is."..the learned, socially acquired traditions and lifestyles of the members of a society, including their patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, felling and acting..." According to experts, the drawbacks of using culture are that:

There is no generally agreed list of behaviors or material products taken to constitute the culture of a particular group

Cultural characteristics of a group do not completely distinguish them apart from each other

Culture does not deal well with notions such as individuals having the capacity to be bicultural or multicultural.

These shortcomings have motivated the developmentā€¦