SAMPLE EXCERPT:

But in recent years, there have been questions as to whether the U.S. must be having succession problems that less stable countries have faced (Rhodes). If and when this happens, political stability in the Continent will be vastly imperiled. Its economic gains will be affected and so will that of other nations that depend on the economy of the U.S. Its stability cannot fail or other nations will lose confidence in it with a loss of legitimacy as the established world political and economic leader.

All nations need to work out their own systems of government. History shows that the American and British systems have performed better than that of other nations and for a longer period of time. Political instability or uncertainty is expected in smaller, less powerful and politically stable nations, but not in the American system of government. Recent scandals, terrorist attacks, wrong decisions in the White House and other developments illustrate that American political stability cannot be over-estimated or taken for granted any more. This is clearly a new and jolting experience for the American people and their friends in the world and presents itself as a fertile ground for opportunist-enemies to take advantage of.

Elsewhere, economic pressure from without can render a government to become unstable (Marinov 2003), as a study indicates. It is a political reality that many nations are controlled by stronger world powers like the United States and Great Britain, to which state leaders of these weaker governments are exposed. Findings show that such leaders are very often replaced. Sanctions do not prove very effect in many cases but only serve to bring a weaker government down. Destabilizing state leaders who are exposed to outside pressure is a preference.

Sanctions are also an instrument of intervention (Marinov), either as economic recession or civil insurgency. Outside pressures then become more discriminating and less wasteful. Losses from economic growth must be borne by the targeted civilian population as an overwhelming risk.

Domestic political accountability is viewed as a desirable solution to the problem. Those state leaders who are exposed to outside pressures must be more cooperative with the international community, since they are frequently more replaceable. Democratization is a favored approach to re-establishing fully cooperative relationships with such states and domestic political accountability paves the way for that cooperative world order.

The application of civil insurgency and a resulting bloodless popular revolution restored democratic rule in the case of the Philippines in 1986. That popular revolution, now known as EDSA People Power, removed the dictator President Ferdinand Marcos and installed the widow of a slain senator and foremost foe of the President, Benigno Aquino. Marcos ruled the country with an iron had un-interruptedly for 20 years. Marcos was a state leader who was exposed to external pressure, which asserted itself and removed him to install his widow-successor, President Corazon C. Aquino, who was named Woman of the Year by Time Magazine the year after.

Bibliography

Center for Voting and Democracy. IRV Promotes Government Stability, 1999. http://www.fairvote.org/IRV/vermont/06stability.htm

Marinov, Nikolay. Economic Pressure and Government Instability. Department of Political Science: Stanford University, 2003. http://comparativepolitics.stnford.edu/Papers2002-03/Marinov-Mar3-2002.pdf

Rhodes, Melvin. The U.S. Election: the Value of Political Stability. United Chuch of God, 2001. http://www.ucg.org/gn/gn32/headlines.html

Zoarman. Government Stability, 2002. http://www.passingthought.com/winning-posts/072002P.htm