Sexually Transmitted Diseases also had negative psychological, as well as physical, effects on the individual.

The purpose of the report is to convince the audience that STDs are not only a serious problem, but that many are able to remain hidden for years, silently causing neurological damage. This neurological damage, when untreated, may have longer and more serious effects upon the body than some of the initial physical issues.

STDs, sexually transmitted diseases, are caused by infections that pass from one person to another during sexual activity, sharing of blood or body fluids, or by accident in medical procedures. A more common and correct term under use now by the medical and public health profession is STI, or sexually transmitted infections, which is a broader base term that has more meaning in the contagious disease paradigm. Often, the infections do not cause any overt symptoms, but remain hidden and allow the person to remain infected.

STD and STI rates are quite high in most of the world, despite the advances in diagnostic and therapeutic treatments that allow for infected individuals to get treatment early on. In a number of cultures, changing sexual morals combined with oral contraceptives have eliminated some of the traditional (cultural) sexual restraints, especially for women. Still patients in many countries, and physicians, often have difficulty dealing openly with sexual issues, especially in countries that have primarily male physicians. In addition, the development and spread of drug-resistant bacteria makes some STDs more difficult to control. Air travel and the shrinking of the ability for cultures to come into contact with one another causes the World Health Organization to estimate that about a million people are infected with some type of STI daily, most of whom are under 25 years of age (STD Statistics Worldwide, 2010).

Forecast -- The rest of the report will expand on the epidemiology and prevention of the most common STIs, focusing on the psychological and psychosocial factors that are consequences and circumstances of the infections. Alternatives and expansion of prevention mechanisms would be the next logical stage of research.

Step Six

Methodologically, my focus was on combining primary and secondary research materials to find the most cogent and understandable information on the subject. The challenge in this research was not a lack of information, but too much information that needed to be appropriately qualified. The information on the subject is typically categorized into: medical layman, medical technical, epidemiological, educational, sociological, political, social policy, and statistical. Because of the amount of information, it was important that one find the most current possible that was understandable, and scientific enough for validity but accessible enough for the regular scholarly researcher. However, of interest was the focus of much of the data. It was primarily dealing with physical symptoms and treatments with the psychological and ancillary effects far less. Until the diseases progressed into the severe neurological range, many of the studies briefly mentioned psychological and psycho-social effects, but rarely did they focus upon them.

Step Seven

STDs are more commonly called STIs (infections) because the epidemiology now focuses on causation and spread of the diseases after infection

Studies show that approximately 1 million people are infected with an STI daily, almost half of those under the age of 30

Education and safe sex are the two predominant means of controlling the epidemic

STDs are more commonly called STIs (infections) because the epidemiology now focuses on causation and spread of…