, 2000.

This strategy is often effective since it promotes public awareness of suicide and encourages individuals to commit to social change.

There is also need to monitor emotional difficulties in this vulnerable group. Emotions such as stress and depression are precedents of suicide. Therefore there is need to encourage and counsel these individuals in order to prevent suicides. This strategy is often effective since it involves recognizing and reducing the factors that increase risk of suicide. It also fosters positive communication and dialogue and counters shame and prejudice which comes from stressful or depressing events Jr., 1999()

Another strategy that is often effective in preventing suicide is promoting policy, systems and environmental changes that facilitate suicide prevention Flavin & Radcliff, 2009.

These include increased scrutiny on prescriptions of opioids and increasing gun control policies to reduce access to firearms. These strategies promote public health and reduce access to lethal mechanisms of committing suicide.

Alternative strategies that can be used to prevent suicide

Increasing surveillance of suicidal behaviors is an important strategy in the prevention of suicides. This is because it ensures that the vulnerable people are identified early and that they receive mental health care and counseling to help prevent suicide. There is also need for the government to integrate prevention of suicide into reforms of the health care system. This will encourage the private sector to adopt similar measures thus helping to create a positive net effect on reduction of suicide rates. This can be done by increasing the proficiency of the health care workers to respond so suicidal people through crisis counseling.

There are other specific strategies that are available in prevention of suicide. One is reducing access to mechanisms of suicide to the vulnerable group. This includes keeping away toxic substances, ropes and belts that can be used for hanging and firearms. Reducing domestic violence and abuse of drugs are also effective long-term strategies in preventing suicide since they prevent mental health problems Bearman, 1991()

Pharmacies or local drug stores can also play a part in preventing suicide by reducing the amount of drugs supplied in packages of non-prescription medicines that can be used in committing suicide such as aspirin. Health and community education programs regarding suicide and its risk factors can help to identify early warning signs easily and also increase the number of people requesting for help about suicidal tendencies Booth, Briscoe, & Powell, 2000()


Bearman, P.S. (1991). The Social Structure of Suicide. Sociological Forum, 6(3), 501-524. doi: 10.2307/684516

Booth, N., Briscoe, M., & Powell, R. (2000). Suicide in the Farming Community: Methods Used and Contact with Health Services. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 57(9), 642-644. doi: 10.2307/27731384

Flavin, P., & Radcliff, B. (2009). Public Policies and Suicide Rates in the American States. Social Indicators Research, 90(2), 195-209. doi: 10.2307/27734783

Jr, T.E.J. (1999). The Clustering and Contagion of Suicide. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8(3), 89-92. doi: 10.2307/20182569

Luo, F., Florence, C.S., Quispe-Agnoli, M., Ouyang, L., & Crosby, A.E. (2011). Impact of Business Cycles on U.S. Suicide Rates, 1928 -- 2007. American Journal of Public Health, 101(6), 1139-1146. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.300010

Reeves, A., Stuckler, D., McKee, M., Gunnell, D., Chang, S.-S., & Basu, S. (2012). Increase in state suicide rates in the U.S.A. during economic recession. The Lancet, 380(9856), 1813-1814.

Sullivan, E.M., Annest, J.L., Luo, F., Simon, T.R., & Dahlberg, L.L.…