Sun Yat-Sen had revolutionary ideas after returning from Beijing, and formed the "Revive China Society" while living in Hawaii. The society established a branch in Hong Kong where it was posing under the name of "Agricultural Study Society". The members of this group planned to ship guns secretly into Hong Kong and take control of government offices, by killing the officials. During October, Sun Yat-Sen led 2 other Chinese men and a European man to Guangzhou, where they would prepare for the Guangzhou Uprising. The plan was leaked and the plan was abandoned.

1896: Kidnapping.

Sun escaped from the police out of Japan yet while he was in London, during 1986. Here, he was kidnapped by staff from the Chinese embassy, and held a prisoner to be sent back to China for almost certain execution. He was only saved by vigorous protests by the British government who got his release. .

Three Principles:.

Sun Yat-Sen based his revolution around the three principals. These being 1) Nationalism, 2) Democracy and 3) Socialism. These beliefs formed the background to the "League of Common Alliance", which Sun founded in 1898. This party was to become the Guomindang in later years. These three principles, were later termed by Sun as the "Three Principles of the People" because he sought to combine the fundamental aspects of nationalism, democracy and socialism.


The Nationalism principle maintained that the Chinese Government and land should be in the hands and under the guidance of the Chinese people, rather than the foreign countries that had a lot of rule in China at the time. The second principle was based around that the government should be democratically elected and therefore more democracy in the country. These were four powers which were listed under his democracy principle: 1) the right to vote, 2) the right to recall, 3) the power of initiative (the power to initiate legislation) and 4) the power of referendum (the power to amend an old law).