From the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.

In this passage written by Frederick Douglass presents his story of how literacy allowed him to overcome slavery. Douglass had been taught by a "Mrs. Auld" the alphabet. The Auld family owned Douglass as a slave. A "Mr. Auld" found out about such a heinous act and explained to his wife why it was socially unacceptable for Douglass to be literate. Auld used such excuses as; "Learning would spoil the best nigger in the world", "it was unlawful", and "unsafe". In Auld explanation to his wife Fredrick was present. It was where Douglass learned of what it would take to escape slavery. In the end it was not Mrs. Auld, it was Mr. Auld that freed Fredrick Douglass from slavery. .


Douglass sends a message to his readers, answers sometime come from those who you least expect. Fredrick owed much to Mrs. Auld for initiating his learning of the alphabet. While I haven't determined the relationship to the reader I understand that Douglass was using an active voice. First hand experience on the subject.

From One Writer's Beginnings.

This young girl has an intense passion for reading; however, she is burdened by a cold librarian (Mrs. Calloway). Calloway only allowed for citizens to only check out 2 books a time, and sent people home if she felt they were inappropriately dressed for the library. Calloway ran the library completely by herself. A revolution occurred for this small girl, she was permitted her own library card, her mother allowed Eudora to check out every book except for one, the content of that novel was considered a danger to Eudora as she was a victim of impressionable content. No matter, Eudora continued to read books two by two, vowing to never stop reading.

Eudora is trying to prove to us that she is an avid reader; she is most likely selling herself to enthusiastic readers alike. While again we see an active voice, Eudora is present the entire time and is speaking presently.